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Orcas Island Library Materials Selection Criteria

General Criteria

These general criteria are taken into account for all materials selected for the Orcas Island Library District. Additional specific criteria are listed when appropriate for different types of materials. All items selected will meet several of the general or specific criteria.

  1. Current and anticipated needs and interests of the public.
  2. Accuracy of content.
  3. Timeliness of information.
  4. Author's, artist's or publisher's qualifications and/or reputation.
  5. Evaluations in review media.
  6. Contribution to diversity or breadth of collections.
  7. Presentation of unique or controversial points of view.
  8. Inclusion of title in standard bibliographies or indexes.
  9. Receipt of or nomination for major awards or prizes.
  10. Quality of production.

Adult Books

Adult Non-fiction

The Orcas Island Public Library provides current general interest, informational, and popular browsing non-fiction collections. Specific criteria in addition to the General Criteria listed above include:

  1. Subject coverage for the collection to be broad and inclusive.
  2. Thoroughness of coverage, including index, bibliography, illustrations, etc.
  3. Importance of the subject matter or point of view to the collection.

Adult Fiction

The Orcas Island Public Library provides general, current, and popular fiction titles as well as genre fiction. Standard, popular American authors as well as major foreign authors are represented. Specific criteria in addition to the General Criteria listed above include:

  1. Collection needs for a broad and multicultural representation of fiction.
  2. Literary merit.

Young Adult Books

Young Adult Non-fiction

The Orcas Island Public Library provides current general interest informational materials appropriate for the browsing and homework assistance needs of young adults ranging in age from 12-18 years (grades 6-12). The public library's collection may compliment the school library/curriculum development collection but is not a replacement or substitute for the school library's collection development responsibilities. Specific criteria in addition to General Criteria listed above include:

  1. Timeliness and accuracy of material.
  2. Presentation at a level and in a format that will appeal to young adults.
  3. Usefulness of material for assistance in homework assignments.
  4. Subject matter of interest to young adults.

Young Adult Fiction

The Orcas Island Public Library provides browsing collections, mainly in paperback, that include standard authors and titles as well as special interest genre titles. The public library's collection may compliment the school library/curriculum development collection but is not a replacement or substitute for the school library's collection development responsibilities. Specific criteria in addition to General Criteria listed above include:

  1. Reputation and popularity of author among young adults.
  2. Usefulness of material for homework assignments.
  3. Appeal of genre to young adults.

Children's Books

Children's Non-fiction

The children's non-fiction collection contains general informational works, browsing items, and subject oriented materials on topics of interest to children. Our children's collection will present more than one side of a question or point of view. Specific criteria in addition to General Criteria listed above include:

  1. Subject relevance and age appropriateness of material.
  2. Thoroughness of coverage and competence of writing style.
  3. Clarity in the organization of material.
  4. Quality of illustrations, maps, graphics, and photographs.
  5. Artistic merit of work.
  6. Usefulness of material for homework assignments.

Children's Fiction

The Orcas Island Public Library collection includes a variety of books from the most distinguished in children's literature to popular, new, and enticing titles that will attract readers of many tastes and abilities. Specific criteria in addition to General Criteria listed above include:

  1. Literary merit.
  2. Appropriate reading level and interest level.
  3. Multicultural emphasis.
  4. Appeal of author, genre, series to children.
  5. Usefulness of material for homework assignments.

Picture Books, Beginning Reader, and Board Books

These books, in which illustration is as important as text, serve to introduce children to the world of books. The Orcas Island Public Library collection includes a wide variety of titles for adults to read to children and for children to look at and use. This collection includes concept books, beginning reader books, wordless books, and board books and picture books. Specific criteria in addition to General Criteria listed above include:

  1. Relationship of illustration to text.
  2. Literary quality and artistic impression.
  3. Age appropriateness of art, text, topic.
  4. Appeal of author or illustration to children.

Reference Materials

The reference collection of the Orcas Island Public Library consists of materials which, because of method of use, rarity, or cost, are most appropriately used in the library. They provide timely and accurate information on a wide range of topics to serve the needs of a diverse public of all ages. Materials are acquired in book, non-book, or electronic format as appropriate and available. Specific criteria in addition to General Criteria listed above include:

  1. Currency and accuracy of material.
  2. Thoroughness of coverage, including index, bibliography, illustrations, etc.
  3. Importance of the subject matter or point of view to the collection.

DVDs and Videos

The Orcas Island Public Library collection provides popular movies and general informational videos for adults, young adults, children, and families. Specific criteria in addition to General Criteria listed above include:

  1. Participants' reputation and recognition (actors, directors, writers, production companies).
  2. Quality of production including descriptive cover and accompanying materials.
  3. Popularity and usefulness of subject, title or author.

Books on CD and Books on Tape

The Orcas Island Public Library collection provides books on cd and tape for adults, young adults, children, and families. Specific criteria in addition to General Criteria listed above include:

  1. Participants; reputation and recognition.
  2. Quality of production including descriptive cover and accompanying materials.
  3. Popularity and usefulness of subject, title or author.

Periodicals and Newspapers

Periodicals and newspapers provide a source of current information not often available in book or other format. The library offers a wide range of general interest periodicals for all ages. Both current and retrospective collections are maintained in efficient and cost-effective formats as available and as space allows. Specific criteria in addition to General Criteria listed above include:

  1. Indexing is available (Note: lack of indexing will not, however, exclude a title from the collection if it meets the needs of patrons.)
  2. Appropriate format.
  3. Availability of display shelving and storage space.

Gift Materials

Please refer to the Orcas Island Library District's Gift Policy. The library may accept gifts of materials with the understanding that the same standards of selection are applied to gifts as to materials acquired by purchase. The library reserves the right to evaluate and to dispose of gifts in accordance with the criteria applied to purchased materials.

Adopted 2/1996

Reviewed 2/2000, 8/2006

©orcas island library district